Projects


Pollution by lead from the copper mines in Zambin

Highly contaminated mine waste dumps simply left once the mine closed.

Project Zambia

Background Kabwe is the second largest city in Zambia with a population of 300,000. In 1902 lead was discovered in the mine Ore veins with lead concentrations up to 20% have been mined deep into the earth. The mine closed in 1994 The government failed to address the potential danger of lead The city has been left with hazardous concentrations of lead in the soil and water.

Smelters emitted dust particles that settled over a 20 km circumference and became buried in the soil. The local canal became contaminated with lead which lead further ground contamination during flood events. High concentrations of lead found in soils levels of lead right next to the smelter measured 245,000 parts per million (ppm) Levels in a local township ranged from 7,000 ppm to 38,000 ppm Lead content of soil in residential areas should not be more than 400 parts per million Industrial and agricultural sites.Lead is one of the potent neurotoxins in the world In total 200,000 people were affected by the contamination Some children were found to have more than 200µg/dl Symptoms of acute poisoning occur at levels above 20µg/dl Levels above 70µg/dl are considered a medical emergency.

Solution Implemented
Removal of 39,000 m3 of mine waste.
Removal of m3 of dredged sediments.
Contaminated soil removed to a depth of 30cm.
Liming of soil.
Planting a vegetation cover.
Demolition of defunct plant infrastructure.
Vitrification Capping. Soil washing Relocate neighbourhoods. Improve public awareness and education programme.

All this is done with the assistance of the Government of the Republic of Zambia and the local company BULSAM LIMITED


SYRIAN REFUGEE CRISIS

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OVERVIEW

The Syrian refugee crisis is unprecedented. Hundreds of thousands of civilians have lost their lives. Entire cities have been reduced to rubble. Homes, hospitals, and schools have all come under attack. Half of Syria's pre-war population - more than 11 million people - have been killed, injured, or forced to flee. More than 4 million Syrians have registered, or are waiting to register, with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Huge numbers are now in Jordan, Lebanon, Egypt, Turkey, and Iraq. Lebanon alone, a country with its own problems, hosts about 1.2 million refugees from Syria. Meaning one in every four people in Lebanon is now a Syrian refugee.
The plight of refugees in the camps is dire. Violence, illness, and malnutrition are prevalent. Syrian children have endured years of deprivation and displacement - they have known nothing but war. Adolescents have been raised amid continuous conflict. There are 13 million children deprived of education as a result of conflict in the region, and many of them live in these camps. As one policy expert put it: “Destabilization will come when you have a generation of children growing up in an environment where there is no education or social support.”
This is not just another refugee problem. And it’s not just someone else’s problem. It’s a historic crisis and a growing global threat. One that can be addressed if we act as global citizens and in collaboration with governments, the private sector, and the philanthropic community.


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